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Common mistakes that occur while baking – Step by step guide for beginners
Thursday, 09 April, 2020, 08 : 00 AM [IST]
Our Bureau Mumbai
Academy of Pastry and Culinary Arts (APCA) is one of the prime institutes in Asia for bakery and culinary courses. 

Michelle Peris, senior pastry chef, Academy of Pastry and Culinary Arts, has written a very handy guide to baking, which during this period of self-isolation and quarantine is the need of the hour.

The chef has penned  an article titled "Common mistakes that occur while Baking" is a useful step by step guide for beginners and hobby baker’s alike.

Baking in an oven not yet preheated
Sometimes one forgets to turn on the oven and then put the baked goods in the oven and preheat it while they are in there. 

No! This messes up with the chemistry of the baking and can create a total disaster. Wait until the oven is completely preheated before baking.

Not measuring ingredients correctly
Your ingredient measurements have to be precise to get the chemical reactions you need and to score that perfect, consistent result every time.

Be it using metric measures with a cup or spoon, or while using a weighing scale to weigh in grams.

Opening the oven too often
Opening the oven lets hot air flow out and decreases the temperature of the oven. It could even cause cakes to collapse a bit if you open the oven too often.

Unless you’re rotating your baked goods or checking for doneness, it’s best to observe the baked goods through the window to avoid letting outside air into the oven, which will affect the overall temperature.

Your  cake is too dry — or too wet
Baking for too long will result in a dry cake, while baking too little can result in a mushy centre.

 If your cake comes out dry, poke some small holes in the top and brush the cake with simple sugar syrup, which will permeate the cake and give it some much-needed moisture. 

If the outside of your cake appears perfectly baked but the centre still looks wobbly, decrease the oven temperature by 20-25 degrees celsius, cover the top of your cake with foil, and continue to cook for a few minutes until a toothpick through the middle comes out clean.

The flour isn’t incorporating smoothly

If your batter or dough is taking on an odd texture, (lumpy, uneven, too stiff, too runny) there’s a chance one of two common flour mistakes is to blame:
 using the wrong amount of flour (measuring it incorrectly)
Not sifting the flour before using it causing it to become lumpy or mix unevenly.

Ingredients are wrong temperature
When a recipe calls for room-temperature butter, milk, or eggs, it’s important to not bypass the temperature step in order to save time. 

While it might be tempting to zap your ingredients in the microwave to speed up this process, ultimately that will just result in uneven heat levels and too-high temperatures.

Egg whites aren’t getting fluffy
If you’ve been whipping away at your eggs for some time and they’re still not developing any kind of peak, there are a few possible issues to blame. 

Eggs for whipping should be as fresh as possible and at room temperature; cold eggs are unlikely to whip well.

As for your whisk and bowl, both should be completely dry before whipping. Any added water can throw off the chemistry of the eggs and prevent them from hardening. 

Products are not baking evenly
The heat within your oven is unlikely to be perfectly distributed throughout, with certain parts of the oven containing hotter pockets of air because of this, if your baked goods remain in the same position throughout the baking process, they will most likely bake unevenly. 

To avoid this, make sure to rotate your goods at least once throughout the baking process to make sure they’re being baked evenly. 
Cakes are not baking with a flat top
When making layered or decorated cakes, it’s essential that each layer is flat and even. 
To avoid your cake rising in the centre and taking on a domed shape during baking, wrap an even-bake strip or damp towel around the edge of your cake pan, which will prevent the top from rising, and leave you with a smooth, level cake. 

Cookies aren’t getting flat
The secret to a perfectly shaped cookie is the temperature. Cookie dough that’s too cold will result in rounder, thicker cookies that won’t have a satisfying crunch. 

However, cookie dough that’s too warm can spread too much while baking. Allow your dough to rest at room temperature for about 30 minutes before baking, and cook on a tray that is at room temperature, not chilled.
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