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DAIRY PRODUCTS

Animal husbandry dept implementing PVCF under EDEG of livestock mission
Wednesday, 05 February, 2020, 16 : 00 PM [IST]
Our Bureau, New Delhi
The poultry sector in India is divided into the organised and unorganised sector. The commercial poultry sector is organised, and 80 per cent of the market share is captured by the commercial sector. The organised commercial is already modernised and technically improvised.

However, the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India, is implementing the Poultry Venture Capital Fund (PVCF) under Entrepreneurship Development and Employment Generation (EDEG) of National Livestock Mission.

It is a bankable programme, and the Central Government is providing subsidy through the National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development (NABARD), for those beneficiaries taking loan for PVCF.

The Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India, is implementing different programmes under the National Livestock Mission, under which financial assistance is provided to state/Union Territory (UT) governments for implementation of the Rural Backyard Poultry Development (RBPD) and the Innovative Poultry Productivity Project (IPPP).

These programmes envisage the components which take care of the shelter, feed, medicine, equipment, litter, etc., to improve the living conditions of the poultry birds.

Further, the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying is implementing a scheme, namely Assistance to States for control of Animal Diseases (ASCAD) under Livestock Health and Disease Control (LH&DC), which covers the vaccination of economically important poultry diseases viz, Ranikhet Disease, infectious bursal disease, fowl pox, etc, including control and containment of emergent and exotic diseases like avian influenza.

Department has developed action plan for preparedness, control and containment of avian influenza, which was formulated in 2005 and revised in 2006, 2012 and 2015.

Under the LH&DC scheme, financial assistance is provided to the states for upgradation of district diagnostic laboratories.

In addition, there are six Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratories for prompt and effective diagnosis of different livestock and poultry diseases.

A National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases (NIHSAD), Bhopal, under Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), has been specially designated as the national referral laboratory for diagnosis of avian influenza, which is also financially assisted by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying for diagnosis of avian influenza.

As regards to waste management, the ICAR - Central Avian Research Institute (CARI), Izatnagar, Bareilly, has developed two pilot scale technologies for waste management and adoption of new renewable energy:

Dilution, Acidification and Carbonisation (DAC) technology used for all weather biogas generation exclusively from poultry excreta and further utilisation of it is used as manure in agriculture.

The signifying point of this technology is that only poultry excreta are required for biogas production.

Used slurry has good manure value and germination potential (>90 per cent), hence can be easily applied in agricultural fields without burning effect on plants, which is a common problem with crude poultry excreta.

The overall impact of this technology is to alleviate environmental pollution, economise poultry production and generate additional income at poultry establishments.

Aerobic composting of poultry wastes (litter, excreta, hatchery waste, slaughter waste, mortalities, etc.) has been standardised using various poultry wastes and carbonaceous material (tree leaves, grasses and other plant wastes) for conversion into manure for utilisation in organic crop farming as an alternative to chemical fertilisers.

These two technologies reduce pollutants, bad odour and flies from poultry establishments. ln addition, preparation of vermi-compost from poultry litter waste (cage litter) is also being practiced at ICAR institutes.

As regards to adoption of new renewable energy, Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying is not implementing any such scheme.

This information was given in a written reply by Dr Sanjeev Kumar Balyan, minister of state for fisheries, animal husbandry and dairying, in Lok Sabha today.
 
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